The wonders of the Galapagos Islands-animals and plants(vegetation)

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General Informations:The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago in the eastern Pacific Ocean. They are located on the equator approx. 1000 km west of the Ecuadorian coast in South America, belong to Ecuador and form the Galápagos province of the same name with the capital Puerto Baquerizo Moreno. The word Galápago refers to the turtle shell, which in some species of Galapagos giant tortoises is arched like a saddle in the neck area.

Temperature:Visiting during the crossover between warm and cool seasons in May and November can result in the best of both worlds. Shoulder seasons can result in great weather, ideal ocean conditions and relatively few people.

Language:The official language of the Galapagos Islands is Spanish. However due to the recent upswing in tourism, the Galapagos Islands have become one of the most multilingual destinations in South America, with guides, hoteliers, and other islanders fluent in English, German, and French.

Currency: the official currency of the Galapagos Islands is the US dollar. It is best to use cash and cards, as traveller checks are not readily accepted.

Food Prices:While meal prices in Galapagos Islands can vary, the average cost of food in Galapagos Islands is $27 per day.

Informations about visa you can find here.

The wonders of the Galapagos Islands-animals and plants(vegetation),map,islands cruise,tours,hotels

The extraordinary and unique flora and fauna of the islands are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. They are protected by the Galapagos Islands National Park. Around 97% of the area of ​​the Galapagos Islands and 99% of the surrounding waters within the Exclusive Economic Zone are therefore under strict nature protection. The agricultural and fishing use as well as entering the islands and navigating the waters are strictly regulated and controlled by the national park administration based in Puerto Ayora.

Vegetation

There are 697 recorded plant species on the Galapagos Islands today. Of the 439 native species (which existed on the Galapagos before the discovery), 167 species are endemic (originated in the Galapagos and only found there). The remaining 258 non-native species, some of which cause major problems, were introduced by humans. The number of non-native plant species has increased significantly over the years and is now believed to be considerably larger.

Opuntia echios, tree-shaped prickly pear on Santa Cruz, Galapagos

Bursera graveolens, more common tree of the dry zone, most of the year without leaves.

Scalesia pedunculata on Santa Cruz Island

If you are already convinced that you want to see the wonders of this country, you can book your flight cheaper here!

Fauna

The Galapagos Islands and around the islands are rich in species. Many species that are only native there (around 40 percent) were also named after the islands. Most of them are endemic there, that is, nowhere else on earth. Some of the animals living in the Galapagos Islands are:Galapagos sea lion,Galápagos fur seal,Galápagos rice rats ,Galápagos tortoiseshell rat Hair-tailed bats),-two species ,Maned seal and 149 bird species,reptiles and invertebrates.

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There are 697 recorded plant species on the Galapagos Islands today. Of the 439 native species (which existed in the Galapagos before the discovery), 167 are endemic (originated in the Galapagos and only found there). The remaining 258 alien species, some of which cause major problems, were introduced by humans. The number of non-native plant species has increased significantly over the years and is now believed to be considerably larger. Most of the non-endemic plant species native to the Galapagos can also be found in neighboring South America. Since only a few species were able to establish a founder population on the islands, the species composition on the Galapagos Islands is “disharmonious” in contrast to the “harmonious” flora of the mainland. For example, the palms, conifers and the Bignoniaceae are missing. On the other hand, individual groups of plants have experienced adaptive radiation, i.e. an increase in species, through occupation of free ecological niches and specialization. Examples of this can be found in the genera Scalesia, Opuntia and Chamaesyce.

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We recommend this tour :The Giant Tortoise Experience | Lava Tubes + Los Gemelos

Bartolomé

Bartolomé Island is one of the smaller and geologically younger in the Galápagos Islands. It is located slightly east of San Salvador and has a size of 1.2 km². It is named after Sir Bartholomew James Sulivan of the Royal Navy. The highest point on the island is 114 meters. Special attractions are the beaches, the Pinnacle Rock, which can often be seen in photos of Galápagos, as well as Galápagos penguins and fish stocks.

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Now that we have presented the wonders and main attractions of this beautiful country, we want to help you to visit them. We have searched for everything you need: hotels, holiday homes, tours,car rentals, planes and cruises to these wonderful places. We also present several options for each category so you can compare prices and find the best option for your dream holiday.

When you think travel, think Orbitz ! They are one of the leading U.S. online travel websites, offering a full range of travel products and services. They got everything from flights, hotels, and car rentals to cruises, travel insurance, and destination services from suppliers worldwide.

Orbitz

We managed to find the best two companies that offer hotels, holiday homes and transportation. These are: Booking.com and Vrbo. We have already tested these companies, we were very satisfied and we warmly recommend them.

VRBO

Cruise Critic is the leading cruise reviews site, which hosts the largest cruise community in the world. More than six million people, from first-time cruisers to avid cruise fans, visit Cruise Critic each month to research and plan their cruises, connect with other cruisers and share their passion for cruising.

Cruise Critic

If you want to order a flight for these wonderful destinations we have the perfect solution for you! Qatar Airways is an award-winning airline and one of the biggest company in the world with unprecedented expansion, flying to over 160 destinations worldwide.

If you ever want to visit one of these beautiful places, I recommend 2 websites where you can buy trips much cheaper than if you buy them when you arrive at your destination. It is always good to be able to save some money!

Viator and Get Your Guide

Based on the ratings given by the visitors of the Galapagos Islands and on our personal searches we found the best restaurants where you can enjoy dishes specific to each taste:La Garrapata Galapagos Restobar,El Descanso Marinero(Seafood Restaurant),Muyu Galápagos(Ecuadorian restaurant),Isla Grill(Bar & grill).

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